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Diabetic retinopathy is a complication resulting from diabetes that affects one’s eyes. Caused by damage to the blood vessels of the retina, Diabetic Retinopathy may be asymptomatic initially or may cause mild vision issues but if left, untreated can lead to blindness. People with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes are more likely to develop this condition. A long history of diabetes and uncontrolled blood sugar levels are key risk factors in developing Diabetic Retinopathy.

Best diagnosed with a comprehensive dilated eye exam, Diabetic Retinopathy, typically drops are placed in your eyes to dilate the patient’s pupils such that the eye doctor can better examine the inside of your eyes. Dilation of the pupils may blur your near vision for a few hours.

Listen to Dr. Himanshu Mehta speak about Diabetic Retinopathy and how technology at The Vission Eye Center can bring about complete, swift restoration of vision.

Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

  •  Spots or dark strings floating in your vision Floaters Spots or dark strings
    floating in your vision
  • Blurred vision Blurred vision
  • Fluctuating vision Fluctuating vision
  • Impaired colour vision Impaired colour vision
  •  Dark or empty areas in your vision Dark or empty areas
    in your vision
  • Vision loss Vision loss
Symptoms
  • Abnormal blood vessels
  • Swelling, blood or fatty deposits in the retina
  • Growth of new blood vessels and scar tissue
  • Bleeding in the clear, jelly-like substance that fills the centre of the eye (vitreous)
  • Retinal detachment
  • Abnormalities in your optic nerve
Risk Factors
  • Duration of diabetes — the longer you have diabetes, the greater your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy
  • Poor control of blood sugar levels
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Prolonged usage of Tobacco
Prevention:
  • Monitor your blood sugar levels so that diabetes is effectively managed
  • Have a glycosylated hemoglobin test every quarter
  • Try and quit smoking / consumption of tobacco and seek professional help if needed
  • Monitor and keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control

 riskFactors
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